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The Value-Creating Theory

Tsunesaburo Makiguchi Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1944)

The educational engagement of the SGI has its roots in the life and deeds of Tsunesaburo Makiguchi (1871-1943), a reformist educator, philosopher and founding president of the Soka Kyoiku Gakkai, he predecessor to the modern-day Soka Gakkai and the SGI.

For most of his life Makiguchi's central concern was to reform the education system that, he felt, discouraged independent thinking and stifled students' happiness and creativity. He believed that education should serve the happiness of the students, rather than the needs of the state.

His educational ideas, and his theory of value-creation (soka), which underlies his pedagogy, are explored in his 1930 work Soka Kyoikugaku Taikei (The Theory of Value-Creating Pedagogy). In recent years his humanistic educational theories have been attracting increasing international attention.

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